mollis is more common except in the western Upper Peninsula. Perennial Forb Mint Family. Michigan Agriculture Environmental Assurance Program (MAEAP), NRCS, Conservation Assistance and Cost Sharing, Farm and Forest Funds – Regional Conservation Partnership Program, Forestry Assistance & Qualified Forest Program, Strike Team – Skyler Fish and Jessica Hartges. Wild bergamot is an herbaceous perennial which grows from slender creeping rhizomes and occurs commonly in large clumps. mollis (L.) Benth., with only minute pubescence on the lower surface of the leaves, and var. It is a familiar component of prairie and savanna communities on all but the wettest of soils. There are several types of bergamot, with the most common one being the wild bergamot (M. fistula) and lemon bergamot (M. citriodora). Deciding which native species to focus on can be overwhelming. Its species name, fistulosa, refers to the tube-like structure of its blossoms, which appear from July through September. Address: The species is quite variable, and several subspecies or varieties have been recognized … Faber-Langendoen, D. 1993. Wild bergamot is very attractive to bees, butterflies and some birds. fistulosa, with some long straight hairs on the same surface. Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot) is a clump-forming perennial boasting masses of fragrant, lilac-purple, tubular flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads, 2-3 in. Wild bergamot does spread in the garden, but isn't any more invasive than most perennials, in my experience. wild-bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) wood-betony (Pedicularis canadensis) prairie phlox (Phlox pilosa) ... Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Lansing, MI. Usually in dry, open, sandy, gravelly, or rocky ground such as oak or jack pine savanna, prairies, fields, and roadsides; occasionally in sedge meadows or other moist places; often at edges of forests and thickets, on open stream and lake banks and stabilized dunes; spreading into disturbed places. It doesn’t just bloom where it’s planted but flourishes wherever it feels like spreading or seeding itself. 8 pp. Closed on Federal Holidays. Maryland Distribution: Poor dry soils of meadows and woodland edges throughout the state. To assist your selection, we have developed a list of about 50 plant species that are common to southern Lower Michigan. Below, find out 5 wild bergamot hydrosol benefits and how to use. They are solitary and terminal on the flowering branches and the two stamens surpass the upper lip. Common Name: WILD-BERGAMOT: Coefficient of Conservatism: 2 Coefficient of Wetness: 3 Wetness Index: FACU Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb. We depend on donations to keep Butterflies and Moths of North America online and freely available. The corolla is lavender and strongly bilabiate. The toothed, aromatic, oblong, grayish-green leaves (to 4″) may be used in teas. Required fields are marked *. The flowers make an attractive edible garnish in salads. Purchase bergamot seeds. The latter is occasional throughout the state; var. What better way to create beauty and wildlife habitat, along with contributing to Michigan's natural heritage, than by planting native wildflowers on your property? ... (wild bergamot) 0.101 . Grand Rapids, MI 49525. It is also used as a flavouring in salads and cooked foods. We have two very similar looking varieties in the state: var. Click on a place name to get a … Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands. Michigan has a diverse agricultural sector, with farms across the state that include many valuable pollination-dependent crops such as blueberry, apple, cherry, pickling cucumbers, etc. Your email address will not be published. Background paper for the Midwest Oak Savanna Conference. In this effort the District depends on your financial contributions to continue building on our successes and leading the way for hands-on conservation in your community. Wild bergamot is a native species and a good one to have around. Height: 2-4 feet Leaves are lance-shaped, 2-3 in (5-8 cm) long and toothed. The fragrance in the plant is caused by volatile oils that are on the hair-like trichomes.Wild bergamot has been used as food seasoning and as a tea by American Natives. University of Michigan Herbarium | 3600 Varsity Drive | Ann Arbor, MI 48108-2228 | eeb-michiganfloraonline@umich.edu |phone 734.615.6200 | fax 734.998.0038 Monday – Friday 8:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. Often called bergamot, these bee-pleasing additions to your garden emit a lovely scent similar to the (unrelated) bergamot fruit, used to flavor Earl Grey tea. It's fairly common along roadways but will usually grow just off the really hard-packed shoulder. Blooming for weeks from mid summer to early fall, they rest upon a whorl of decorative whitish bracts. Edible parts of Wild Bergamot: Leaves - raw or cooked. The block M was chainsawed from a tree stump. Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa Mint family (Lamiaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 2½–4' tall, branching frequently in the upper half. No matter if you’re a carefully coiffed rosebush or a scruffy patch of coneflowers, Monarda fistulosa is content to plunk down next to you as if it’s … Continue reading Go Wild for Wild Bergamot → Names of Wild Bergamot in various languages of the world are also given. Wild bergamot, more commonly known as bee balm or Monarda fitulosa, is a perennial flowering plant native to North America. It grows up to 5 feet tall and produces pinkish-purple flowers in mid- to late summer. A proposed classification for savannas in the Midwest. Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot. Michigan Native:  Yes, Habitat types: A (Avian/Birds); B (Butterflies); H (Hummingbirds); P (Pollinators/Bees). This plant was extensively used by many Native Americans including, (but not limited to) the Menominee, the Ojibwa, and the Winnebago. Now, we have available wild bergamot hydrosol, a gentle but effective extract. Wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) is not related to bergamot (Citrus bergamia) […] The entire plant above ground level can be used as a potherb, though it is rather aromatic. This aromatic plant is a perennial that grows from creeping rhizomes. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Habitat:  A, B, H Click here for more information from USDA-NRCS. We followed along this trail for about 1/2 mile in, then back out. It likes to take up space. The opposite leaves are broadly lanceolate to ovate, and vary in color from light green to dark green, sometimes with yellow or red tints. Our sandy meadows are bright with the whorled flowers of horsemint (Monarda punctata) and wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa). Monarda fistulosa, the wild bergamot or bee balm, is a wildflower in the mint family (Lamiaceae) widespread and abundant as a native plant in much of North America. Wild bergamot flowers attract bees and butterflies to … Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Wild Bergamot. Common names are from state and federal lists. The bergamot orange is a citrus fruit cultivated chiefly in Italy and is well known for its use in Earl Grey tea. Lavender, two-lipped, tubular flowers appear in dense, globular, solitary, terminal heads atop square stems. A proposed classification for savannas in the Midwest. Solidago speciosa (showy goldenrod) 0.447 . Journal Articles Referencing Bergamot, Beebalm Leave comments on Monarda fistulosa at this link. Sun:  Full sun to part shade rubra wild bergamot Legal Status. Because it is part of the mint family, the stems of Wild bergamot are square with gray-green foliage. Once established, wildflowers enhance the attractiveness of your landscape, help control erosion, furnish food and cover for wildlife, and provide maximum enjoyment with minimal care. Your email address will not be published. Background paper for … 3260 Eagle Park Drive NE Lemon bergamot, or lemon bee balm (M. citriodora), and wild bergamot (M. fistulosa) are also used as flavourings and in teas. The Kent Conservation District was formed in May, 1946, and remains active to this day helping restore, protect, and manage natural resources. It is sometimes called bee-balm, although bee-balm is actually its cousin, Monarda didyma , which no longer occurs in Michigan, according to the Michigan … How Wild Bergamot is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Wild Bergamot, Norman, Oklahoma. Office Hours: If everyone who uses this resource gives a small amount, we could cover our ongoing costs, develop new features, and upgrade the system. 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