1894 - France sets up a dependency in the area called Ubangi-Chari and partitions it among commercial concessionaires. [162] By March 2014, the UNSC had authorised a probe into possible genocide, which in turn followed International Criminal Court Chief Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda initiating a preliminary investigation into the "extreme brutality" and whether it falls into the court's remit. [194] It is also reported that in 2019, violence broke out in the northeastern, where the killing of an ethnic Kara man sparked heavy fighting between the mainly Kara MLCJ and largely Runga FPRC. [184], In 2015, humanitarian aid workers in the CAR were involved in more than 365 security incidents, more than Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq and Somalia. 1997 - France begins withdrawing its forces from the republic; African peacekeepers replace French troops. English UPR: Official, unofficial (not UN-related) documentation and recommendations for the Universal Periodic Review of Central African Republic. In October 2016, France announced that it was ending its peacekeeping mission in the country, Operation Sangaris and largely withdrew its troops, saying that the operation was a success. To commemorate the anniversary—remember the lives lost, acknowledge the continuing struggle of the displaced, and recognize the ongoing effort to establish justice and find peace amid ongoing conflict—Enough and its partners will mark 10 days of activism. Following the election, Samba-Panza made a speech in the parliament appealing to the ex-Séléka and the anti-balaka for putting down their weapons. Beginning The genocide started in 2012 when the Sleleka overthrow president Bozize Jan 1, 2013. Central African Republic (Kony Captured) Central African Socialist Republic (Soviet Dominance) File:Coat of arms of the Central African Republic (1958-1963).svg On 15 February, France announced that it would send an additional 400 troops to the country. Other contributing factors include ethnic differences among ex-Séléka factions and historical antagonism between agriculturalists, who largely comprise anti-balaka, and nomadic groups, who constitute most Séléka fighters. [173][174] They are accused of displacing 17,000 people in November 2016 and at least 30,000 people in the Ouham-Pendé prefecture in December 2016. [39], Rebel groups alleged that Bozizé had not followed the terms of the 2007 agreement and that there continued to be political abuses, especially in the northern part of the country, such as "torture and illegal executions". 2011 April - Former President Ange-Felix Patasse dies aged 74. [36] By May 2014, 100,000 people had fled to neighbouring Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo[228] and Chad. UN chief Ban Ki-moon says CAR has suffered a "total breakdown of law and order". The E.U. The capital was seized by the rebels in March 2013,[27] Bozizé fled the country,[28] and the rebel leader Michel Djotodia declared himself president. [36] While comparisons were often posed as the "next Rwanda", others[187] suggested that the Bosnian Genocide's may be more apt as people were moving into religiously cleansed neighbourhoods. [74], Government soldiers launched a counterattack against rebel forces in Bambari on 28 December, leading to heavy clashes, according to a government official. Timeline for NGO engagement and support documents for human rights defenders. To commemorate the anniversary—remember the lives lost, acknowledge the continuing struggle of the displaced, and recognize the ongoing effort to establish justice and find peace amid ongoing conflict—Enough and its partners will mark 10 days of activism. We provide medical care, water and sanitation services, and protection for vulnerable women and girls. The Central African Republic is surrounded by countries struggling to emerge from years of conflict. One of the cited reasons for the difficulty in stopping attacks by anti-balaka militias was the mob nature of these attacks. Central African Republic, U.N. Official Warns,” November 13, 2013, and in UNOCHA, “Time is Running Out to Prevent a Genocide,” January 16, 2014. President Bozize flees. [1], As UN Secretary-General Ban-ki Moon warned of a de facto partition of the country into Muslim and Christian areas as a result of the sectarian fighting,[142] He also called the conflict an "urgent test" for the UN and the region's states. [166] At the same time, MINUSCA negotiated the removal of Darassa from the city. [180] After talks in Khartoum, an African Union led initiative led to an accord between the government and 14 rebel groups in February 2019 called the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation,[181] the eighth such agreement since the war started in 2012. 2013 March - Seleka rebels overrun the capital and seize power. [38], The peacekeeping force Multinational Force in the Central African Republic (FOMUC) was formed in October 2002 by the regional economic community, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC).[39][40]. French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault again stressed that the troops were only present to "protect French and European nationals" and not deal with the rebels. [167][166] MINUSCA made a robust deployment to prevent FPRC taking the city and in February 2017, Joseph Zoundeiko, the chief of staff[7] of FPRC who previously led the military wing of Seleka, was killed by MINUSCA after crossing one of the red lines. 2012 August - Last historic armed group - Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) - signs peace deal. 2017-11-12 Train crash 'kills 33' in Democratic Republic of Congo Buyofwe, Lualaba, Congo C. 2017-08-04 President Paul Kagame wins by landslide Rwanda D. 2017-07-19 Boko Haram suspects tortured in Cameroon Cameroon 4. Try our corporate solution for free! UN, African Union Officials Try to Avoid Repeat of Rwanda Genocide in Central African Repubic Elections Tom O'Connor 10/16/2020. 1988 - Bokassa sentenced to death for murder and embezzlement, but has his sentence commuted to life imprisonment. In April 2014, the UN authorized a force of 12,000 peace-keeping troops. affected groups: christians. EU-commissioned research reveals how Seleka fighters were illegally supplied with guns made in China and Iran. [91] Three days later, they took control of the towns of Damara and Bossangoa. UN Security Council warns CAR poses a risk to regional stability. [98][103] On 25 March 2013, Séléka leader Michel Djotodia, who served after the January agreement as First Deputy Prime Minister for National Defense, declared himself President, becoming the first Muslim to ever hold the office. The 66-year-old has also on several occasions denied that the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi happened. The BBC's Paul Wood in the Central African Republic reports on fears that sectarian conflict between Muslims and Christians could result in genocide. 2004 December - New constitution approved in referendum. The conflict in Darfur began 10 years ago. President Patasse suppresses the attempt with help of Libyan and Chadian troops and Congolese rebels. Fighting between Ex-seleka factions FPRC and UPC. On 20 December 2012, a rebel group based in northern CAR, the Democratic Front of the Central African People (FDPC) joined the Seleka coalition. Parliamentary and presidential elections pass off peacefully, but constitutional court annuls results of parliamentary poll, citing irregularities. As France, Belgium, Portugal, and (prior to 1918) Germany implement new political and economic structures to consolidate their control over Central Africa’s immense resources. [168][169] About 15,000 people fled from their homes in an attack in May and six U.N. peacekeepers were killed – the deadliest month for the mission yet. 1920-30 - Indigenous Africans stage violent protests against abuses by concessionaires. [155] By the latter half of 2017, the fighting largely shifted to the Southeast where the UPC reorganized and were pursued by the FPRC and antibalaka with the level of violence only matched by the early stage of the war. 1986 - Bokassa returns to the CAR from exile in France. 2013 September - Djotodia dissolves Seleka coalition. 2017 November - UN Security Council extends mandate of the peacekeeping mission MINUSCA for another year and increases its size to some 13,000 troops and police. 2017-11-12 Train crash 'kills 33' in Democratic Republic of Congo Buyofwe, Lualaba, Congo C. 2017-08-04 President Paul Kagame wins by landslide Rwanda D. 2017-07-19 Boko Haram suspects tortured in Cameroon Cameroon 4. [119] Self-defense militias called Antibalaka previously formed to fight crime on a local level, had organized into militias against abuses by Seleka soldiers. [80] In 2014, Amnesty International reported several massacres committed by the anti-balakas against Muslim civilians, forcing thousands of Muslims to flee the country. This had little actual effect in stopping abuses by the militia soldiers who were now referred to as Ex-seleka. France says Central African Republic on verge of genocide BY JOHN IRISH PARIS Thu Nov 21, 2013 1:48pm EST (Reuters) - France said on Thursday that Central African Republic was "on the verge of genocide" and it expected the United Nations to give Paris and the African Union permission to intervene. The fighting in Central African Republic has carried the high risk of genocide, the United Nations has warned. Several witnesses over 60 km (37 mi) away said they could hear detonations and heavy weapons fire for a number of hours. Scores of mosques have been burned. In Bangui, the U.S. Air Force evacuated around 40 people from the country, including the American ambassador. In Central African Republic, the conflict between armed groups is now compounded by a conflict between armed communities. There have been reports of massacres, mass rape, torture, and even forced cannibalism against the civilian populations. President Bozize appoints Faustin-Archange Touadera, an academic with no previous background in politics, to replace Mr Dote. [82] On 13 January, Bozizé signed a decree that removed Prime Minister Faustin-Archange Touadéra from power, as part of the agreement with the rebel coalition. [184] In August 2019, Sidiki Abbas of 3R and Mahamat Al Khatim of MPC resigned from their government posts. Read about our approach to external linking. Trump rejects early White House vaccinations, Tentative progress made as EU hints at concessions, Contact tracer: 'People threaten us and block our calls', The 'unsanitised' stories behind pioneering feminists, The surprise Christmas show for an audience of one, Fighting the 'stigma' of dementia in Asian families. [127] The aftermath of Djotodia's presidency was said to be without law, a functioning police and courts. 2015 December - New constitution approved in referendum. Central African Republic. It is rich in diamonds, gold, oil and uranium but has one of the world's poorest populations. In Politics. The French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius warned last week that the Central African Republic "is on the verge of genocide." President Bozize says elections to be held on 25 April; opposition rejects date, fearing vote will be rigged. [58][59][60] On 15 December, rebel forces took Bamingui, and three days later they advanced to Bria, moving closer to Bangui. The Christian[176] militant group RJ was formed in 2013, mostly by members of the presidential guard of former President Ange Felix Patassé, and were composed mainly of ethnic Sara-Kaba. Specifically the resolution allowed for the use of "all necessary measures" to protect civilians. [186], It is argued that the focus of the initial disarmament efforts exclusively on the Seleka inadvertently handed the anti-Balaka the upper hand, leading to the forced displacement of Muslim civilians by anti-Balaka in Bangui and western CAR. [193], There was ethnic violence during fighting between the Ex-Séléka militias FPRC and UPC, with the FPRC targeting Fulani people who largely make up the UPC and the UPC targeting the Gula and Runga people, who largely make up FPRC, as being sympathetic to FPRC. 1992 October - Multiparty presidential and parliamentary elections held in which Kolingba came in last place, but are annulled by the supreme court on the ground of widespread irregularities. [150] Ngaissona told a general assembly of Antibalaka fighters and supporters to lay down their arms and that Antibalaka would be turned into a political party called Central African Party for Unity and Development (PCUD) but he had little control over the loose network of fighters. [104] Djotodia said that there would be a three-year transitional period and that Nicolas Tiangaye would continue to serve as Prime Minister. Crisis in the Central African Republic – A Christian fighter walks by houses burned by ex-Seleka forces in Bogoura, a small town in the Central African Republic, on Sunday, January 19. UN accuses Christian militia of ethnic cleansing. The currency of the Central African Republic is the CFA franc, which is accepted across the former countries of French West Africa and trades at a fixed rate to the euro. The most recent conflict erupted in 2012 and lasted until 2014. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Central African Republic Conflict Timeline created by Cars6278. [138] Moon then also called for the rapid deployment of 3,000 additional international peacekeepers. 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